George Washington First President Of The USA

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When Barack Obama was inaugurated as President of the USA earlier this year, we were informed that he is the 44th President of the USA. George Washington was the very first President of the United States from 1789 to 1797. It is interesting to look at the back-ground which prepared him for the role of first President of the United States. He was born on February 22, 1732, at a time when America was one of the British Colonies. He was born on his family's Pope's Creek Estate near present-day Colonial Beach in Westmoreland County, Virginia. In his youth, Washington worked as a surveyor, and in this way he acquired invaluable knowledge of the terrain around his native Colony of Virginia, which helped him later. In 1749, he was appointed as surveyor of the newly created Culpeper County. In April 1775, fighting broke out, which started the American Revolutionary War, also known as the American War of Independence.

Washington had a sound military back-ground, which aided his appointment as Commander of the Continental Army. At this time The British had besieged Boston, and Washington placed artillery on Dorchester Heights overlooking the city, and forced the British to evacuate it. In August 1776, the British launched a massive naval and land campaign designed to seize New York. Washington engaged the enemy for the first time at the Battle of Long Island, the largest battle of the entire war, a British victory which forced Washington out of New York and across New Jersey. On the night of December 25, 1776, Washington staged a counter-attack, leading the American forces across the Delaware River and captured nearly 1,000 Hessians. He followed this victory with another one at Princeton, which quickly raised the morale of his Continental army. Not everything went Washington's way, as he suffered a defeat in the Battle of Brandywine on September 11, 1777. France then entered the war, in support of America. In December 1977, Washington's army camped at Valley Forge for six months, during which time 2,500 of the 10,000-strong force died from disease and exposure.

However, he organized a full-scale training program, under the supervision of Baron von Steuben, a veteran of the Prussian general staff. In 1778, the British evacuated Philadelphia to New York, and Washington attacked them at Monmouth, driving them from the battlefield. Afterwards, the British headed towards New York, and Washington moved his army outside the city. He delivered the final blow to the British in 1781, after a French naval victory allowed American and French forces to trap the British army in Virginia. In 1783 the Treaty of Paris was signed, by which Britain recognized the independence of the United States. At first, the United States was governed without a President under the Articles of Confederation, which were the forerunner to the Constitution. In 1789, Washington was unanimously elected as President, as he had gained a high reputation for his military success. He took the oath of office as the first President under the Constitution for the United States of America on April 30, 1789 at Federal Hall in New York City. 25,000 a year, which was a large sum in 1789. Washington's initial reaction was to decline the salary.

However, he later accepted it, on the grounds that otherwise the presidency would be perceived as limited only to independently wealthy individuals, who could serve afford to serve without salary. Washington ensured that the titles and trappings were suitably republican, as he had no wish to emulate the European countries, such as his preference for the title "Mr. President". Washington proved an able administrator. Whilst he reluctantly served a second term, he refused to run for a third, and so established the policy for a president to serve a maximum of two terms, which later became law by the 22nd Amendment to the Constitution. At this early period, there were no political parties in America, and Washington warned against them, on the grounds that they would cause conflict and stagnation. After retiring from the presidency in March 1797, Washington returned to Mount Vernon, and devoted much time of his time to farming. On December 12, 1799, he went out on horseback in the snow to inspect his farms, and the next morning, awoke with a bad cold and a throat infection called quinsy. He died on the evening of December 14, 1799, at the age of 67. Modern doctors believe that Washington died largely because of his treatment, which included bloodletting, which resulted in a loss of five pints of blood. Throughout the world men and women were saddened by Washington's death. Napoleon ordered ten days of mourning throughout France.

Comments are not for promoting your articles or other sites. When I first published this there wasn't so much free access to historic newspapers; but in recent years I've noticed there are a growing number of good free resources on the web. I enjoyed these articles a great deal! Thanks for sharing them with us! Congratulations on such a wonderful collection. I am keen to read some of your selected books too. Wow, this is really interesting. This is very clever and very interesting. I really enjoyed reading the snippets. This was unique, original idea for a lens. What a wonderful piece! Love the story about Bounce. These are so fun to read. I liked the "puffing billy" video. It's easy to see how the drive mechanism works. Delightful. It is amazing how many Victorian newspapers still exist! This is really interesting reading. Especially He Never Took It, really funny. They had a different way of reporting/writing back then. I've done a little research in older papers, and I've found them to be very interesting. You made some nice selections above. Interesting way they had of expressing themselves back then.

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